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Monday, July 20, 2020 | History

1 edition of Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues found in the catalog.

Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues

Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues

annual report, 1980

  • 325 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by The Institute, Available from the National Technical Information Service in Golden, Colo, Springfield, VA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Biomass energy,
  • Methane

  • Edition Notes

    StatementAndrew G. Hashimoto ... [et al.] ; prepared under contract no. DB-9-8372-1 for the Solar Energy Research Institute ; prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy
    SeriesSERI/TR -- 98372-1
    ContributionsHashimoto, Andrew G, Solar Energy Research Institute, United States. Dept. of Energy, Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiv, 80 p. :
    Number of Pages80
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14884067M

    systems typical of most open-lot beef cattle feedyards. Jewell () was one of the first to use the term "dry methane fermentation" which refers to digestion with little or no dilution of waste. Schulte and Luis () evaluated biogas production of "dry" beef cattle manure at solids. Environmental Impacts of Beef Cattle Seerp Tamminga Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands Loss of CH4 can be limited by shifting the fermentation pattern in the rumen. animal manure, crop residues or sewage waste generally increases the N2O Size: KB.

    Well defined mesophilic and thermophilic regions have been noted for activated "fudge and refuse feedstocks (Marina ; Pfeffer ). For beef cattle manure, raw sewage sludge, and some agricultural residues, the regions are generally the same, although not so well defined (Goluake ; Chen et al. ; Nelson et al. ).   The anaerobic codigestion of sheep bedding and ≥50% cattle manure increases biogas production and improves biofertilizer quality. Waste Management. ; Gaur RZ, Suthar S. Anaerobic digestion of activated sludge, anaerobic granular sludge and cow dung with food waste for enhanced methane production.

    Hashimoto, A.G., Y.R. Chen, V.H. Varel and S.A. Robinson. Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues. Solar Energy Research Institute, Report SERI/TR June 90 pages. (Annual report) Hashimoto, A.G. Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure. Solar Energy Research Institute, Report SERI/ PR Pages The major barrier to wide application of anaerobic fermentation technology in the agricultural sector is economics. Research and development efforts in anaerobic fermentation technology have shown that methane can be produced from livestock manures but that economies-of-scale have a significant impact on the economic feasibility. Farmer-constructed and -operated systems were estimated to be Author: Andrew G. Hashimoto, Steven A. Robinson.


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Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues Download PDF EPUB FB2

Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues [electronic resource]: final report in SearchWorks catalog.

Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues. Golden, Colo.: The Institute ; Springfield, VA: Available from the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors.

@article{osti_, title = {Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure. Final report}, author = {Hashimoto, A.G. and Chen, Y.R.

and Varel, V.H.}, abstractNote = {The research to convert livestock manure and crop residues into methane and a high protein feed ingredient by thermophilic anaerobic fermentation are summarized. The major biological and operational factors involved in Cited by: 9.

Get this from a library. Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues: final report. [Andrew G Hashimoto; Y R Chen; V H Varel; Solar Energy Research Institute.; Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center.]. The conversion of livestock manure and crop residues into methane and a high protein feed ingredient by thermophilic anaerobic fermentation is summarized.

The major biological and operational factors involved in methanogenesis are discussed, and a kinetic model that describes the fermentation process is. Even though cattle manure residues are complex and naturally polymeric (Palmisano and Barlaz, ; Ong et al., ), anaerobic digestion has Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues book recognized as a preferred process for stabilizing such complex wastes and at the same time regenerating useful chemicals, generating energy, and reducing the volume for disposal (Ghosh, ; Speece, ; Lettinga, ).Cited by: Agricultural Waste~ 3 () ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF DAIRY MANURE AND FIELD CROP RESIDUES DAVID J.

HILLS,~ DAVID W. ROBERTS Agricultural Engineering Department, Universio, of California, Davis, California, USA A BSTRA C T This research was undertaken to determine guidelines for combining dairy manure and field crop residues for maximum methane production per volume of anaerobic Cited by: Anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure with NaOH-treated corn stover for biogas production was investigated.

Four cattle manure to corn stover ratios (CM/CS) of,andand three feeding concentrations (FC) of 50, 65, and 80 g L−1 were used. The results showed that the co-digestion with CM/CS ratio of obtained the highest total biogas production of L, methane yield Cited by: Livestock manure and crop residue can be processed in an environmentally acceptable way through anaerobic digestion to generate biogas, also, under an integrated production scheme, providing.

Results are presented of a laboratory study on the possibility of cattle manure anaerobic fermentation by biogas (methane) buildup at thermophilic temperature (55°C) conditions. The effect of anaerobic fermentation was observed at different dry matter contents in the manure within a defined fermentation time.

Accumulation of volatile fatty acids and the activities of methanogenic bacteria were Author: V. Selimbašic, H. Simičic, E. Žunic, I. Petric, X. Ripoll, S. Košutic. Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues: annual report, Hashimoto,-Andrew-G.

Solar Energy Research Size: 90KB. Anaerobic digestion of alkali treated crop residues with cattle waste. Abstract.

In laboratory scale batch digesters various alkali treated crop residues with cattle waste showed 17–31% more biodegradation than did cattle waste : Gh Hassan Dar, S M Tandon, R Singh. Advantages and disadvantages of anaerobic digestion of manure and other farm residues are listed as follows (LappJewell, Jewell et al.

): Advantages of anaerobic digestion Organic content of the residue is reduced and stabilized so that final disposal presents a reduced pollution problem.

cattle are only stored for 3 months cycle to be fatten up before being slaughtered, the manure and waste produced from abattoir can be as much as tonnes per day. Batch anaerobic digestion of cattle manure was studied in a 10 L bioreactor at 53oC and pH controlled at File Size: KB.

The mixture was composed of 50% beef cattle manure and 50% wheat straw based on volatile solids (VS) content. Anaerobic fermentation of beef cattle manure and crop residues. This report. Biogasification of cattle dung is discussed with reference to the principles of biogasification.

Factors affecting the anaerobic fermentation of cow dung, e.g. temp., pH, C and N concn, solid and water proportions, retention time, loading rate, are briefly covered.

Small anaerobic digesters developed in India are outlined, as are reasons for unsatisfactory performance of some digesters and Author: A. Chakraverty. mentation of beef cattle and crop residues.

Specific objectives are to: 1. Develop design criteria for optimum production of methane and/or biomass from anaerobic fermentation of livestock and crop residues, 2. Develop efficient methods to recover high protein biomass from the fer­ mented residue, 3.

anaerobic digestion of cattle manure. Hydrolysis being an anaerobic digestion-limiting step, a literature study was carried out on the ways to improve it by varying the experimental conditions.

Bioaugmentation, addition of surfactant and decreasing the pH to were expected to enhance biogas : Gautier Bailleul, Maurizio Bettiga, Christel Kampman. The disposal of manure has therefore become an economic and environmental challenge for farmers.

Thus, the conversion of manure via anaerobic digestion in a biogas plant could be a sustainable solution, having the byproducts (solid and liquid digestates) the potential to be used as fertilizers for : Fabio Valentinuzzi, Luciano Cavani, Carlo Porfido, Roberto Terzano, Youry Pii, Stefano Cesco, Claudi.

Anaerobic co-digestion involves the treatment of different substrates with the aim of improving the production of biogas and the stability of the process. In this research, co-digestion of swine manure (SM) and energy crop residues (ECRs) was studied.

The mixtures evaluated contained SM combined with maize (Mz), rapeseed (Rs) or sunflower (Sf) by:. The study was designed to determine the optimal mixing ratio of cattle paunch manure (PM) and cow dung (CD) in biogas production under tropical condition.

The mixing ratio used were 0, 25, 50, and for paunch manure and cow dung, respectively. The fermentation was carried out in five 30 litres digesters locally fabricatedCited by: 4.

used only for general manure concepts and approximation for manure nutrient uses. Manure sampling and analysis is strongly recommended, as well as maintaining a history of manure nutrient analyses. Liquid Pit Manure Livestock Livestock (Production System) Total N P 2O 5 K 2O (Production System) Total N P 2O 5 K 2O Swine.

Beef. Farrowing 15 12 File Size: 27KB.Another advantage of combining crop residues with manures is the large amount of crop residue in close proximity to livestock enterprises.

In the U.S., about million tons (dry weight basis) of collectable corn stalk and wheat straw could be available for fermentation, as opposed to about 30 million tons of collectable : Andrew G.

Hashimoto and Steven A. Robinson.